• CLTS Champion

    Benedict Emori
    conflict-affected Abi, Nigeria

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  • Timor-Leste

    CLTS Foundation leads discussions at key stakeholders meeting

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  • India Wash Summit 2015

    Some snapshots from
    India Wash Summit 2015

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  • Workshop News

    National level training workshop kicks off at Maliana, Timor-Leste

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Welcome to Community-Led Total Sanitation(CLTS) Foundation

Community-Led Total Sanitation(CLTS) focuses on igniting a change in collective hygiene behaviour, which is achieved through a process of community-wide action stimulated by facilitators from within or outside the community. It involves no hardware subsidy and does not prescribe latrine models. Dr. Kamal Kar pioneered CLTS in Bangladesh in 1999. Since then it has been implemented in more than 60 countries across the globe. It has been incorporated in the National Sanitation Strategy of at least 22 countries of which 14 are in Africa and the rest in Asia. The CLTS Foundation works through an international team of professionals, practitioners, researchers and policy experts to build capacity and influence policy for enhancing access to sanitation through CLTS.

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An Open Letter in response to the WDR 2015   

It is with disappointment and bewilderment that we, the undersigned, write this letter in response to the publication of the latest World Development Report Mind, Society and Behavior.

In the lead up to its publication, Robert Chambers of the CLTS Knowledge Hub at the Institute of Development Studies and Frank Greaves of Tearfund UK were invited to advise on a contribution on Community-led Total Sanitation (CLTS). This was being considered for inclusion in the report as a key example of a behavioural change process. Robert and Frank went to London to take part in a video conference with Washington and drafted text on CLTS, the CLTS approach and how and why it works as an input for the report. The Report draws on this in describing CLTS on pages 17 and 152-3. However, it finds (page 17) that where CLTS was combined with subsidies for toilet construction, its impact on toilet availability within households was much higher and concludes that these findings suggest that: 'CLTS can complement, but perhaps not substitute for, programs that provide resources for building toilets’. We are shocked and puzzled to read this. It is a damaging misrepresentation of CLTS. It is surprising that the authors of the report, after consulting with Robert Chambers and Frank Greaves, then wrote text on CLTS which they did not check with them for representativeness before going to publication. Had they done so, this would immediately have been corrected. They also did not consider it necessary to further their understanding of CLTS by referring to the considerable literature on the subject or corresponding with Dr. Kamal Kar, the pioneer of the approach. 











We are grateful to our collaborators for their proactive support over the years: